Do you draw these with a computer (or a spirograph)?

No. Every drawing is drawn completely freehand with pen and ink. I first draw a grid with a pencil. I use a compass and a ruler to create the grid, but the grid is just to guide the design. When I start the actual drawing, I switch to a very fine tipped Rapidiograph pen and every single bit of ink is drawn freehand. I do not use rulers, a compass or any other items when inking a drawing.

Seriously, you don’t use a ruler when applying ink?

No. Actually, if you try to use a ruler when drawing a straight line, sometimes the ink will pool up next to the ruler, ruining the line and the drawing. All ink is applied freehand.

Do you come up with the complete idea for a drawing before you start?

I have a general idea of what I want the drawing the look like, but as I start to work on each drawing, sometimes my ideas change and the drawing might change significantly from what I first envisioned.

What inspires your drawings?

Many of my early drawings were inspired by Tibetan mandalas and the growth patterns of crystals. Most of my early drawings are completely symmetrical. Many of my newer drawings reflect more mechanical ideas, and reflect objects that could perhaps represent a real and very complex mechanical object.

How long does it take you to complete a drawing?

The most complex drawings can take up to 100 hours to complete. The less complex drawings may only take 50 hours. But it’s a very time consuming process to think of my designs then translate my ideas to paper.